The labour market outcomes of transgender individuals

Shannon, Matthew (2021) The labour market outcomes of transgender individuals. Labour Economics. p. 102006. ISSN 0927-5371 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2021.102006

Abstract

This paper uses the 2015 United States Transgender Survey of 27,715 transgender respondents to study the relationship between minority gender identity status and income, employment, and poverty rates. All transgender groups have significantly lower incomes and are more likely to be in poverty, unemployed or working part-time, when compared with men in the American Community Survey. Within the transgender sample, those who were assigned female at birth have significantly lower incomes and are more likely to work part-time than those assigned male at birth. These income results are sensitive to the degree to which respondents have socially transitioned. The younger transgender people transition and the greater their ability to ‘pass’, the more their income profiles reflect that of their gender identity rather than the sex they were assigned at birth. Together, these findings provide descriptive evidence in support of a traditional cisgender income gap, with ‘maleness’ being associated with an income premium in the workplace over ‘femaleness’.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Economic outcomes, Transgender status, Gender identity
Subjects: L100 Economics
L300 Sociology
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Newcastle Business School
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2021 10:50
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 10:16
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/46665

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