Effects of 7-week Resistance Training on Handcycle Performance in Able-bodied Males

Abonie, Ulric, Albada, Tryntje, Morrien, Floor, van der Woude, Lucas and Hettinga, Florentina (2021) Effects of 7-week Resistance Training on Handcycle Performance in Able-bodied Males. International Journal of Sports Medicine. ISSN 0172-4622 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1373-6033

Abstract

The effect of an upper body resistance training program on maximal and submaximal handcycling performance in able-bodied males was explored. Eighteen able-bodied men were randomly assigned to a training group (TG: n=10) and a control group (CG: n=8). TG received 7 weeks of upper body resistance training (60% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM), 3×10 repetitions, 6 exercise stations, 2 times per week). CG received no training. Peak values for oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak), power output (POpeak), heart rate (HRpeak), minute ventilation (V˙OEpeak) and respiratory exchange ratio (RERpeak), submaximal values (HR, V˙O2, RER, PO, and gross mechanical efficiency (GE)), and time to exhaustion (TTE) were determined in an incremental test pre- and post-training. Maximal isokinetic arm strength and 1RM tests were conducted. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were assessed. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc comparisons were performed to examine the effect of time, group and its interaction (p<0.05). TG improved on POpeak (8.55%), TTE (10.73%), and 1RM (12.28–38.98%). RPE at the same stage during pre- and post-test was lower during the post-test (8.17%). Despite no improvements in V˙O2peak, training improved POpeak, muscular strength, and TTE. Upper body resistance training has the potential to improve handcycling performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: rehabilitation, handbiking, wheelchair user, physical capacity evaluation, upper body training
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2021 14:16
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2021 14:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/46959

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