Rectified Linear Postsynaptic Potential Function for Backpropagation in Deep Spiking Neural Networks

Zhang, Malu, Wang, Jiadong, Wu, Jibin, Belatreche, Ammar, Amornpaisannon, Burin, Zhang, Zhixuan, Miriyala, V. P. K., Qu, Hong, Chua, Yansong, Carlson, Trevor E. and Li, Haizhou (2021) Rectified Linear Postsynaptic Potential Function for Backpropagation in Deep Spiking Neural Networks. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems. ISSN 2162-237X (In Press)

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IEEE TNNLS_Rectified-Linear-Postsynaptic-Potential-Function-for-Back-Propagation-of-Deep-Spiking-Neural-Networks.pdf - Accepted Version

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Abstract

Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) use spatiotemporal spike patterns to represent and transmit information, which are not only biologically realistic but also suitable for ultralow-power event-driven neuromorphic implementation. Just like other deep learning techniques, Deep Spiking Neural Networks (DeepSNNs) benefit from the deep architecture. However, the training of DeepSNNs is not straightforward because the wellstudied error back-propagation (BP) algorithm is not directly applicable. In this paper, we first establish an understanding as to why error back-propagation does not work well in DeepSNNs.We then propose a simple yet efficient Rectified Linear Postsynaptic Potential function (ReL-PSP) for spiking neurons and a Spike-Timing-Dependent Back-Propagation (STDBP) learning algorithm for DeepSNNs where the timing of individual spikes is used to convey information (temporal coding), and learning (back-propagation) is performed based on spike timing in an event-driven manner. We show that DeepSNNs trained with the proposed single spike time-based learning algorithm can achieve state-of-the-art classification accuracy. Furthermore, by utilizing the trained model parameters obtained from the proposed STDBP learning algorithm, we demonstrate ultra-low power inference operations on a recently proposed neuromorphic inference accelerator. The experimental results also show that the neuromorphic hardware consumes 0.751 mW of the total power consumption and achieves a low latency of 47.71 ms to classify an image from the MNIST dataset. Overall, this work investigates the contribution of spike timing dynamics for information encoding, synaptic plasticity and decision making, providing a new perspective to the design of future DeepSNNs and neuromorphic hardware.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This research work is supported by Programmatic Grant No. A1687b0033 and Programmatic Grant No. I2001E0053 from the Singapore Government’s Research, Innovation and Enterprise 2020 plan (Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering domain), and by the Science and Engineering Research Council, Agency of Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, through the National Robotics Program under Grant No. 192 25 00054. The work of J. Wu was also partially supported by the Zhejiang Lab (No.2019KC0AB02). The work of M. Zhang was aslo partially supported by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation under Grant No.2020M680148, Zhejiang Lab’s International Talent Found for Young Professionals, and National Key R&D Program of China under Grant No. 2018AAA0100202.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spiking neural networks, Deep neural networks, Spike-timing-dependent learning, Event-driven, Neuromorphic hardware
Subjects: G400 Computer Science
G500 Information Systems
G700 Artificial Intelligence
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 10:12
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 10:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/47056

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