Understanding urban flood vulnerability and resilience: a case study of Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Safiah Yusmah, M. Y., Bracken, Louise J., Sahdan, Z., Norhaslina, H., Melasutra, M. D., Ghaffarianhoseini, A., Sumiliana, S. and Shereen Farisha, A. S. (2020) Understanding urban flood vulnerability and resilience: a case study of Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Natural Hazards, 101 (2). pp. 551-571. ISSN 0921-030X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-020-03885-1


Malaysia is frequently affected by the annual flooding event caused by the seasonal monsoon which accounts for significant losses. Flood risk, exposure and damage potential are increasing, causing the level of poverty and vulnerability to rise. The annual occurrence of the flood hazard has forced residents to prepare beforehand to help them spring back to their daily life faster. This study aimed to investigate and understand the vulnerability and resilience of the victims towards floods in Kuantan, Pahang. A qualitative approach of focus group discussion (FGD) is used to obtain detailed and authentic information. A total of thirty-one (31) participants who were flood victims took part in the FGD. Six groups were formed for the FGD based on different criteria such as gender, age, education background, occupation, monthly income and social class. Each FGD group consisted of four to six participants. When the participants were asked to rank their top five daily challenges, many thought that flooding is not a threat compared to food, because flooding occurs annually and is predictable. The results showed that the participants are well aware of the causes of the vulnerability faced by them due to the flooding event. Reasons highlighted from the results for the flood occurrence are the demography of the area, the location of the houses, the improper and inaccurate information and evacuation plan, the management of the transit centre and the lack of preparation by the community. The participants also thought that poor dissemination of early warning information and flood control infrastructures from the government and other related agencies caused the victims to have insufficient time to prepare for emergencies, hence causing the recovery process to be slower. However, from their hands-on experiences, they were able to put forward suggestions on the resilience towards flood for future references.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by University of Malaya Research Grant under the Frontier Science Grant RG358-15AFR and Equitable Society Grant RP026B-15SBS, the engineers, assistance engineers and staff of Water Resources and Hydrology Unit, Drainage and Irrigation Department (DID), Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, the Kuantan District Officer, Kuantan Assistant District Officer, Penghulu Mukim (Headman) of Mukim Kuala Kuantan 1, staff of Kuantan District Office, Kuantan, Pahang and the Kuantan residents who have contributed in this article.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vulnerability, Resilience, FGD, Urban fooding, Pahang, Malaysia
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
H200 Civil Engineering
L700 Human and Social Geography
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2021 12:02
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2021 12:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/47221

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