The employment status of food delivery riders in Europe and the UK: self-employed or worker?

Defossez, Delphine (2021) The employment status of food delivery riders in Europe and the UK: self-employed or worker? Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law. ISSN 1023-263X (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/1023263X211051833

Abstract

Online platforms are revolutionizing our daily lives in an attempt to make it easier by offering innovative services. They also have introduced radical new business models which provide a new type of flexible working, facilitating employment. While platforms are revolutionary vehicles, they also denied workers status resulting in food delivery riders facing precarious working conditions. The current regulatory framework is underdeveloped and unable to guarantee basic social rights to platform workers, except for Spain. At the same time, delivery workers are fighting to get some form of recognition and protection. Consequently, courts have been increasingly requested to determine the riders’ legal status. However, courts are struggling in characterizing those employment relationships resulting in disparities. For instance, the Cour de Cassation in France has established that an employer-employee relationship existed while the UK High Court denied the worker status to Deliveroo riders. This lack of harmonization and different rulings could result in the application of EU rules in some countries but not others. It might, therefore, be time for the EU to start recognizing and regulating these jobs to offer better worker protections.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Labour Law, food delivery workers, self-employed, workers, national judgments, Yodel, deficiencies in the EU system
Subjects: M200 Law by Topic
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Northumbria Law School
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2021 10:57
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2021 12:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/47357

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