Extra Physiotherapy in Critical Care (EPICC) Trial Protocol: a randomised controlled trial of intensive versus standard physical rehabilitation therapy in the critically ill

Thomas, K., Wright, S. E., Watson, G., Baker, C., Stafford, V., Wade, Clare, Chadwick, T. J., Mansfield, L., Wilkinson, J., Shen, J., Deverill, M., Bonner, S., Hugill, K., Howard, P., Henderson, A., Roy, A., Furneval, J. and Baudouin, S. V. (2015) Extra Physiotherapy in Critical Care (EPICC) Trial Protocol: a randomised controlled trial of intensive versus standard physical rehabilitation therapy in the critically ill. BMJ Open, 5 (5). e008035. ISSN 2044-6055

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008035


METHODS AND ANALYSIS: 308 adult patients who have received more than 48 h of non-invasive or invasive ventilation in Critical Care will be recruited to a patient-randomised, parallel group, controlled trial, comparing two intensities of physiotherapy. Participants will be randomised to receive either standard or intensive physiotherapy for the duration of their Critical Care admission. Outcomes will be recorded on Critical Care discharge, at 3 and 6 months following initial recruitment to the study. The primary outcome measure is physical health at 6 months, as measured by the SF-36 Physical Component Summary. Secondary outcomes include assessment of mental health, activities of daily living, delirium and ventilator-free days. We will also include a health economic analysis.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The trial has ethical approval from Newcastle and North Tyneside 2 Research Ethics Committee (11/NE/0206). There is a Trial Oversight Committee including an independent chair. The results of the study will be submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals and presented at national and international scientific meetings.


INTRODUCTION: Patients discharged from Critical Care suffer from excessive longer term morbidity and mortality. Physical and mental health measures of quality of life show a marked and immediate fall after admission to Critical Care with some recovery over time. However, physical function is still significantly reduced at 6 months. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence clinical guideline on rehabilitation after critical illness, identified the need for high-quality randomised controlled trials to determine the most effective rehabilitation strategy for critically ill patients at risk of critical illness-associated physical morbidity. In response to this, we will conduct a randomised controlled trial, comparing physiotherapy aimed at early and intensive patient mobilisation with routine care. We hypothesise that this intervention will improve physical outcomes and the mental health and functional well-being of survivors of critical illness.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This protocol presents independent research funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under its Research for Patient Benefit Programme (RfPB), grant number PB-PG-0909-20021.
Uncontrolled Keywords: INTENSIVE & CRITICAL CARE, Physiotherapy
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2021 11:30
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2021 11:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/47550

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