An Energy Management System-Based Control Strategy for DC Microgrids with Dual Energy Storage Systems

Ghosh, Subarto Kumar, Roy, Tushar Kanti, Pramanik, Md Abu Hanif, Sarkar, Ajay Krishno and Mahmud, Md Apel (2020) An Energy Management System-Based Control Strategy for DC Microgrids with Dual Energy Storage Systems. Energies, 13 (11). p. 2992. ISSN 1996-1073

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In this work, a control strategy is developed for different components in DC microgrids where set points for all controllers are determined from an energy management system (EMS). The proposed EMS-based control scheme is developed for DC microgrids with solar photovoltaic (PV) systems as the primary generation units along with energy storage systems. In this work, the concept of dual energy storage systems (DESSs) is used, which includes a battery energy storage system (BESS) and supercapacitor (SC). The main feature of this DESS is to improve the dynamic performance of DC microgrids during severe transients appearing from changes in load demands as well as in the output power from solar PV units. Furthermore, the proposed EMS-based control scheme aims to enhance the lifetime of the BESS in DC microgrids with DESSs and voltage stability as compared to the same without SCs. The proposed EMS-based control strategy uses proportional-integral (PI) controllers to regulate the switching control actions for different converters within the DC microgrid based on the decision obtained from the EMS in order to achieve the desired control objectives. The performance of the proposed scheme was analyzed through simulation results in terms of improving the voltage stability, maintaining the power balance, and enhancing the lifetime of BESSs within a DC microgrid framework incorporated with the DESS. The simulations are carried out in the MATLAB/SIMULINK simulation platform and compared with a similar approach having only a single energy storage system, i.e., the BESS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Common DC-bus voltage, DC microgrids, Dual energy storage system, Energy management system, Power balance, State of charge
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
H900 Others in Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2021 10:39
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2021 10:45

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