Dignity and attitudes to aging: A cross-sectional study of older adults

Kisvetrová, Helena, Mandysová, Petra, Tomanová, Jitka and Steven, Alison (2021) Dignity and attitudes to aging: A cross-sectional study of older adults. Nursing Ethics. 096973302110572. ISSN 0969-7330 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/09697330211057223

Abstract

Background: Dignity is a multidimensional construct that includes perception, knowledge, and emotions related to competence or respect. Attitudes to aging are a comprehensive personal view of the experience of aging over the course of life, which can be influenced by various factors, such as the levels of health and self-sufficiency and social, psychological, or demographic factors.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes to aging of home-dwelling and inpatient older adults, and whether dignity and other selected factors belong among the predictors influencing attitudes to aging in these two different groups of older adults.

Research design: Cross-sectional study using a set of questionnaires: Patient Dignity Inventory, Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire, and Barthel Index. Pearson and Spearman correlation analyses and multivariable linear regression were used for statistical processing. Participants and research context: 233 inpatients and 237 home-dwelling older adults participated in the research in two regions of the Czech Republic. Ethical considerations: Institutional Review Board approval was received from the authors’ university.

Findings: The inpatients had more negative attitudes to aging (M = 74.9±10.9; P <0.0001). The predictors of their attitudes to aging were gender and dignity. Women ( β = −2.969, P = 0.045) and inpatients with poor dignity ratings ( β = −0.332, P <0.0001) had more negative attitudes to aging. The predictors for home-dwelling older adults were education, living arrangement, and dignity. More negative attitudes to aging were found in older adults with lower levels of education ( β = 2.716, P = 0.007) who lived alone ( β = 2.163, P = 0.046) and rated their dignity as low ( β = −0.325, P <0.0001).

Discussion and Conclusions: The results of this study add to the understanding that a sense of dignity is an important predictor of attitudes to aging for both home-dwelling older adults and inpatients.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This study was supported by the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic (Grant number NU20-07-00100) and by the Internal Grant Agency of Palacky University Olomouc (Grant number IGA_FZV_2021_011).
Uncontrolled Keywords: areas of practice, attitude to aging, care of the older person, dignity in care, home-dwelling older adult, inpatient, topic areas
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2021 12:48
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 12:32
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48020

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