Changing rate of urban creep and urban expansion over time and its impact upon the hydrologic response of a catchment

Mcdonnell, Joseph and Motta, Davide (2021) Changing rate of urban creep and urban expansion over time and its impact upon the hydrologic response of a catchment. Water Science and Technology. ISSN 0273-1223 (In Press)

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Most previous quantitative research conducted on urban creep and urban expansion has focused on small areas, short time periods, case studies with fairly uniform housing stock and demographic makeup, and the characterisation of urban creep and expansion exclusively in terms of impervious area changes without quantification of the consequential hydrological impact, i.e., increase in surface runoff volume and peak flows in a catchment. This study, using satellite imagery, catchment characteristics data, geographic information system and hydrologic modelling, presents, for the first time, a long-term analysis of urban creep and expansion. The case study is the Ouseburn catchment in Newcastle upon Tyne, a wide-ranging catchment made up of rural, suburban and urban areas, over a period of seven decades. The rate of increase of impervious surfaces is found not to be constant in time; the significant impact of this variation on the catchment's hydrologic response is quantified. This has overall caused a substantial flow volume increase in the Ouseburn over the study period, e.g. 48% for a 1 in 5 years rainfall event. The conclusions obtained are likely representative of many large towns and cities across the United Kingdom and the methodology presented can be easily replicated in other study areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydrological impact, hydrological modelling, urban change, urban creep, urban expansion
Subjects: F900 Others in Physical Sciences
H300 Mechanical Engineering
K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2022 16:13
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2022 16:15

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