Consumer-centric decarbonization framework using Stackelberg game and Blockchain

Hua, Weiqi, Jiang, Jing, Sun, Hongjian, Teng, Fei and Strbac, Goran (2022) Consumer-centric decarbonization framework using Stackelberg game and Blockchain. Applied Energy, 309. p. 118384. ISSN 0306-2619

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.118384

Abstract

Energy policy is too often not designed for energy consumers in a low-cost and consumer-friendly manner. This paper proposes a novel Stackelberg game and Blockchain-based framework that enables consumer-centric decarbonization by automating iterative negotiations between policy makers and consumers or generators to reduce carbon emissions. This iterative negotiation is modeled as a Stackelberg game-theoretic problem, and securely facilitated by Blockchain technologies. The policy maker formulates carbon prices and monetary compensation rates to dynamically incentivize the carbon reduction, whereas consumers and generators schedule their power profiles to minimize bills and maximize profits of generation, respectively. The negotiating agreement is yielded by reaching a Stackelberg equilibrium. The exchanged information and controlling functions are realized by using smart contracts of Blockchain technologies. Case studies of GB power systems show that the proposed framework can incentivize 9% more bill savings for consumers and 45.13% more energy generation from renewable energy sources. As a consumer-centric decarbonization framework, it can at least reduce carbon emissions by 40%.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blockchain, Carbon reduction, Power system scheduling, Renewable energy, Smart contracts, Game theory
Subjects: L100 Economics
N100 Business studies
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2022 11:48
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2022 12:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48141

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