Revisiting the Space-Time Gradient Method: A Time-clocking Perspective, High Order Difference Time Discretization and Comparison with the Harmonic Balance Method

Wang, Boqian, Wang, Dingxi, Rahmati, Mohammad and Huang, Xiuquan (2021) Revisiting the Space-Time Gradient Method: A Time-clocking Perspective, High Order Difference Time Discretization and Comparison with the Harmonic Balance Method. Chinese Journal of Aeronautics. ISSN 1000-9361 (In Press)

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Abstract

This paper revisits the space-time gradient (STG) method which was developed for efficient analysis of unsteady flows due to rotor-stator interaction and presents the method from an alternative time-clocking perspective. The STG method requires reordering of blade passages according to their relative clocking positions with respect to blades of an adjacent blade row. As the space-clocking is linked to an equivalent time-clocking, the passage reor- dering can be performed according to the alternative time-clocking. With the time-clocking perspective, unsteady flow solutions from different passages of the same blade row are mapped to flow solutions of the same passage at different time instants or phase angles. Accordingly, the time derivative of the unsteady flow equation is discretized in time directly, which is more natural than transforming the time derivative to a spatial one as with the original STG method. To improve the solution accuracy, a ninth order difference scheme has been investigated for discretizing the time derivative. To achieve a stable solution for the high order scheme, the implicit solution method of Lower-Upper Symmetric Gauss-Seidel/Gauss-Seidel (LU-SGS/GS) has been employed. The NASA stage 35 and its blade-count-reduced variant are used to demonstrate the validity of the time-clocking based passage reordering and the advantages of the high order difference scheme for the STG method. Results from an existing harmonic balance flow solver are also provided to contrast the two methods in terms of solution stability and computational cost.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This study was co-supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51976172) and National Science and Technology Major Project of China (No. 2017-II-0009-0023).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Space-time gradient method, Passage reordering, High order difference scheme, Harmonic balance method, Un- steady flows
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2022 12:14
Last Modified: 16 May 2022 09:49
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48198

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