Efficacy and safety of the second in-hospital dose of tranexamic acid after receiving the prehospital dose: double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial in a level 1 trauma center

El-Menyar, Ayman, Ahmed, Khalid, Hakim, Suhail, Kanbar, Ahad, Mathradikkal, Saji, Siddiqui, Tariq, Jogol, Hisham, Younis, Basil, Taha, Ibrahim, Mahmood, Ismail, Ajaj, Ahmed, Atique, Sajid, Alaieb, Abubaker, Bahey, Ahmed Abdel-Aziz, Asim, Mohammad, Alinier, Guillaume, Castle, Nicholas R., Mekkodathil, Ahammed, Rizoli, Sandro and Al-Thani, Hassan (2021) Efficacy and safety of the second in-hospital dose of tranexamic acid after receiving the prehospital dose: double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial in a level 1 trauma center. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery. ISSN 1863-9933 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-021-01848-0

Abstract

Background: Prehospital administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) to injured patients is increasing worldwide. However, optimal TXA dose and need of a second infusion on hospital arrival remain undetermined. We investigated the efficacy and safety of the second in-hospital dose of TXA in injured patients receiving 1 g of TXA in the prehospital setting. We hypothesized that a second in-hospital dose of TXA improves survival of trauma patients. Methods: A prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized, clinical trial included adult trauma patients receiving 1 g of TXA in the prehospital settings. Patients were then blindly randomized to Group I (second 1-g TXA) and Group II (placebo) on hospital arrival. The primary outcome was 24-h (early) and 28-day (late) mortality. Secondary outcomes were thromboembolic events, blood transfusions, hospital length of stay (HLOS) and organs failure (MOF). Results: A total of 220 patients were enrolled, 110 in each group. The TXA and placebo groups had a similar early [OR 1.000 (0.062–16.192); p = 0.47] and late mortality [OR 0.476 (95% CI 0.157–1.442), p = 0.18].The cause of death (n = 15) was traumatic brain injury (TBI) in 12 patients and MOF in 3 patients. The need for blood transfusions in the first 24 h, number of transfused blood units, HLOS, thromboembolic events and multiorgan failure were comparable in the TXA and placebo groups. In seriously injured patients (injury severity score > 24), the MTP activation was higher in the placebo group (31.3% vs 11.10%, p = 0.13), whereas pulmonary embolism (6.9% vs 2.9%, p = 0.44) and late mortality (27.6% vs 14.3%, p = 0.17) were higher in the TXA group but did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion: The second TXA dose did not change the mortality rate, need for blood transfusion, thromboembolic complications, organ failure and HLOS compared to a single prehospital dose and thus its routine administration should be revisited in larger and multicenter studies. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03846973.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bleeding, Prehospital, Randomized controlled trial, Tranexamic acid, Trauma
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
A900 Others in Medicine and Dentistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2022 16:00
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2022 16:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48351

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