The Bureaucratization of Death: The First World War, Families, and the State

Foster, Ann-Marie (2022) The Bureaucratization of Death: The First World War, Families, and the State. Twentieth Century British History. hwac001. ISSN 0955-2359 (In Press)

Text (Advance online version)
Advance online version.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (233kB) | Preview
Official URL:


After the First World War the British state tried to show the families of the dead their thanks, and memorialize the dead, through the two-minute silence and the creation of the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior. However, before families of deceased servicepeople encountered the state through national commemorations they encountered it through the administrative paperwork of death. Other than brief mentions in wider works, the bureaucracy of death is remarkably absent from discussions of death, yet the paperwork associated with death was a significant part of family experiences of bereavement, particularly in wartime. This article argues that state bureaucracy played a key role in defining people’s experience of wartime bereavement, both practically, through the paperwork sent, but also temporally, by controlling when and how families could carry out grave-related elements of mourning, such as choosing an epitaph. Over the course of the early inter-war period, the bureaucracy of death encountered by the families of the war dead could profoundly shape their experience of loss.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: First World War, Bureaucracy, Families
Subjects: V100 History by period
V200 History by area
V300 History by topic
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Humanities
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2022 11:07
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2022 12:28

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics