The impact of employment upon young offenders' identities

Oswald, Rebecca (2022) The impact of employment upon young offenders' identities. Howard Journal of Crime and Justice. pp. 1-19. ISSN 2059-1101 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/hojo.12471

Abstract

While numbers of first-time entrants have decreased dramatically in the last decade, young people remaining in the youth justice system in England and Wales today are the most persistent, troubled offenders. Research suggests that the formation of a non-offending or ‘prosocial’ identity is crucial for desistance among persistent offenders. This article examines how engaging in an employment programme at a social enterprise influenced the identity of offenders aged 16–18 years. Young people's self-narratives reveal that although none possessed a strong criminal identity, they developed a more coherent prosocial identity during their employment. This can be attributed to how the employment programme reduced the social exclusion experienced by employees, demonstrating the value of such opportunities for youths.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This work was supported by the award of a Northumbria University PhD Scholarship.
Uncontrolled Keywords: employment, identity, UK, youth offender
Subjects: L300 Sociology
M900 Other in Law
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Social Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2022 11:44
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2022 10:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48620

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