A bubble of protection: examining dispositional optimism as a psychological buffer of the deleterious association between negative work-family spillover and psychological health

Lee, Sean T. H., Choy, Bryan K. C. and Yong, Jose (2022) A bubble of protection: examining dispositional optimism as a psychological buffer of the deleterious association between negative work-family spillover and psychological health. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 31 (1). pp. 35-46. ISSN 1359-432X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2021.1896494

Abstract

Demands and stressors from work increasingly encroach upon people’s family lives in modern settings, resulting in poorer familial relationships and impaired psychological health. The current study proposed and examined dispositional optimism as a potential psychological buffer of the deleterious impact of negative work-to-family spillover (WFS) on psychological health. Based on a sample of employed midlife adults in the United States (N = 1,252) drawn from a large and nationally representative dataset, MIDUS 3, we found that dispositional optimism significantly moderated the relationship between negative WFS and subjective well-being, even after controlling for a variety of potential confounds. However, this moderation effect was not consistently observed for the relationship between negative WFS and depressive symptoms, suggesting that the buffering utility of dispositional optimism may be limited to day-to-day subjective well-being and may not extend to the domain of mental health issues. Nonetheless, our findings indicate the potential importance of considering psychological resources in our efforts to mitigate strains on psychological health arising from negative WFS – to which future studies are encouraged to explore further.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This work was supported by the United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging [PO1AG020166]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Optimism, psychological resource, work-to-family spillover, psychological health
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2022 08:17
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2022 08:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48835

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