The COLO‐COHORT (Colorectal Cancer Cohort) Study: Protocol for a multi‐centre, observational research study and development of a consent for contact research platform

Hampton, James S., Koo, Sara, Dobson, Christina, Stewart, Christopher J., Neilson, Laura J., Montague, Kyle, Mitra, Suparna, Whelpton, John, Addison, Caroline, Kelly, Phil, Rushton, Stephen, Hull, Mark A., Sharp, Linda and Rees, Colin J. (2022) The COLO‐COHORT (Colorectal Cancer Cohort) Study: Protocol for a multi‐centre, observational research study and development of a consent for contact research platform. Colorectal Disease. ISSN 1462-8910 (In Press)

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Colorectal Disease - 2022 - Hampton - The COLO‐COHORT Colorectal Cancer Cohort Study Protocol for a multi‐centre .pdf - Accepted Version
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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/codi.16160

Abstract

Introduction
The COLO-COHORT study aims to produce a multi-factorial risk prediction model for colorectal neoplasia that will be able to be used to target colonoscopy to those at greatest risk of colorectal neoplasia, ensuring that people are not investigated unnecessarily and maximising the use of limited endoscopy resources. The study will also explore the link between neoplasia and the human gut microbiome. Additionally, the study aims to generate a cohort of colonoscopy patients who are ‘research ready’ through the development of a consent-for-contact platform (C4C), to facilitate a range of CRC prevention studies to be conducted at scale and speed.

Methods and Analysis
This is a multi-centre observational study involving sites across the UK. Recruitment is over a 6-year period (2019 – 2025). Patients recruited to the study are those attending for colonoscopy. Patients are recruited into two groups, namely; observational Group A (10,000 patients) and C4C Group B (10,000 patients), known as COLO-SPEED (Colorectal Cancer Screening Prevention Endoscopy and Early Diagnosis; https://colospeed.uk).

Patients complete a health questionnaire, provide anthropometric measurements and submit biosamples (blood and stool - depending on the part of the study they are recruited into). Patients’ colonoscopy and histology findings are also recorded. Models of factors associated with presence of neoplasia at colonoscopy will be developed using logistic or multinomial regression. For internal validation, model discrimination and calibration will be assessed and bootstrapping and cross-validation approaches used. To enable long-term follow up for outcomes related to CRC and polyps, patients are asked to consent to follow up through data linkage with national databases.

Dissemination
In keeping with good research practice, following analysis by the study team the study investigators will make the anonymised dataset available to other researchers. The C4C platform will also be accessible to other researchers. The study findings will be submitted for publication in peer reviewed journals and lay summaries will be disseminated to participants and the wider public.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Colorectal Cancer, Colorectal Adenoma, Cancer risk, Colonoscopy, Faecal Immunochemical Test (FIT)
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
B800 Medical Technology
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 09 May 2022 13:32
Last Modified: 09 May 2022 13:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49072

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