State-of-the-art vehicle-to-everything mode of operation of electric vehicles and its future perspectives

Islam, Shirazul, Iqbal, Atif, Marzband, Mousa, Khan, Irfan and Al-Wahedi, Abdullah M.A.B. (2022) State-of-the-art vehicle-to-everything mode of operation of electric vehicles and its future perspectives. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 166. p. 112574. ISSN 1364-0321

[img] Text
AAM.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 2 June 2023.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives 4.0.

Download (3MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2022.112574

Abstract

In this review paper, the state-of-the-art vehicle-to-everything (V2X) mode operation of electric vehicles (EVs) is discussed. All the other modes of operation which are enabled by the V2X functionality of the system like Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G), Vehicle-for-Grid (V4G), Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V), Vehicle-to-Home (V2H), and Vehicle-to-Load (V2L) are discussed in detail. The V2X functionality is used to provide various services to the system like regulation of active power demand, reactive power compensation, shaving peaks and filling valleys in load demand, frequency and voltage regulation, compensation of harmonics in grid current. The techniques which are used to control the EV in V2X mode to impart the above-mentioned services are included. The advantages and limitations of these techniques are also discussed in this paper. The interaction among different modes of operation of EVs like V2G, V4G, V2V, V2H, and V2L is studied. Battery degradation, cyber-attacks, time-delays encountered in communication channels, and stability issues are the major challenges that may pose the threat to the resiliency of the V2X system. These dominant challenges are included in this paper. The methods which are used to enhance the resiliency of the V2X system against these issues are discussed as the scope of future work

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This publication, is made possible by NPRP grant 13S-0108-20008 from the Qatar National Research Fund (a member of Qatar Foundation). The APC for the article is funded by the Qatar National Library, Doha, Qatar.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electric vehicle, V2X functionality, frequency deviation, hierarchical control
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 11 May 2022 14:23
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2022 08:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49096

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics