Military Service and Alcohol Use: A Systematic Narrative Review

Osborne, Alison, Wilson-Menzfeld, Gemma, McGill, Gill and Kiernan, Matt (2022) Military Service and Alcohol Use: A Systematic Narrative Review. Occupational Medicine. kqac045. ISSN 0962-7480 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqac045

Abstract

Background: Despite research highlighting the role of alcohol in military life, specifically in relation to mental health and certain combat experiences, there is no synthesised evidence looking at the relationship between military service and alcohol use. Aims: To synthesize and examine evidence exploring the relationship between military service and alcohol use.Methods: Six databases were examined across a 10-year period. Papers were included if they involved a military population and focused on alcohol use. From 4046 papers identified, 29 papers were included in the review.Results: Military characteristics and experience were linked to high levels of alcohol use across military populations. Societal and cultural factors also played a role in alcohol use in military populations. Predatory behaviour of alcohol establishments, pressures to conform, an acceptance of alcohol use, and the role of religious services and military affiliated social networks were all considered. Excessive drinking impacted physical and mental health. Those diagnosed with PTSD and associated symptoms appeared to have greater alcohol use. Conclusions: This review identified certain characteristics and experiences of military service that are associated with higher levels of alcohol use. It is important to identify risk factors for alcohol misuse to develop appropriate policy, targeting prevention.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alcohol Drinking, Military Personnel, Military Health, Review
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 18 May 2022 13:31
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2022 10:58
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49150

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