A Local Differential Privacy based Hybrid Recommendation Model with BERT and Matrix Factorization

Neera, Jeyamohan, Chen, Xiaomin, Aslam, Nauman, Issac, Biju and O'Brien, Eve (2022) A Local Differential Privacy based Hybrid Recommendation Model with BERT and Matrix Factorization. In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Security and Cryptography (SECRYPT 2022). Scitepress, Setúbal, Portugal. (In Press)

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Abstract

Many works have proposed integrating sentiment analysis with collaborative filtering algorithms to improve the accuracy of recommendation systems. As a result, service providers collect both reviews and ratings, which is increasingly causing privacy concerns among users. Several works have used the Local Differential Privacy (LDP) based input perturbation mechanism to address privacy concerns related to the aggregation of ratings. However, researchers have failed to address whether perturbing just ratings can protect the privacy of users when both reviews and ratings are collected. We answer this question in this paper by applying an LDP based perturbation mechanism in a recommendation system that integrates collaborative filtering with a sentiment analysis model. On the user-side, we use the Bounded Laplace mechanism (BLP) as the input rating perturbation method and Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) to tokenize the reviews. At the service provider’s side, we use Matrix Factorization (MF) with Mixture of Gaussian (MoG) as our collaborative filtering algorithm and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) as the sentiment classification model. We demonstrate that our proposed recommendation system model produces adequate recommendation accuracy under strong privacy protection using Amazon’s review and rating datasets.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: SECRYPT 2022: 19th International Conference on Security and Cryptography, Setúbal, Portugal, 11-13 Jul 2022
Uncontrolled Keywords: local differential privacy, sentiment analysis, collaborative filtering, privacy
Subjects: G500 Information Systems
G600 Software Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 27 May 2022 12:09
Last Modified: 27 May 2022 13:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49207

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