Ion-Exchange Treatment of Perfluorinated Carboxylic Acids in Water: Comparison of Polystyrenic and Polyacrylic Resin Structures and Impact of Sulfate on Their Performance

Rahman, Muhammad, Anderson, William B., Peldszus, Sigrid and Huck, Peter M. (2022) Ion-Exchange Treatment of Perfluorinated Carboxylic Acids in Water: Comparison of Polystyrenic and Polyacrylic Resin Structures and Impact of Sulfate on Their Performance. ACS Environmental Science and Technology Water. ISSN 2690-0637 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsestwater.1c00501

Abstract

The removal of three perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCA) - PFHpA, PFOA, and PFNA in ultrapure and river water was evaluated using two anion exchange resins- previously unreported macroporous polystyrenic A-500P and a more widely studied macroporous polyacrylic A-860. Both resins had similar properties, allowing direct comparison of PFCA removal performance between the two resin structures/matrices. This study also presents a new gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method developed for PFCA analysis in water. In ultrapure water, A-500P exhibited higher removal capacity and faster removals compared to A-860, suggesting greater effectiveness of the polystyrenic structure compared to the polyacrylic structure. In Grand River water, the target PFCA were well removed by A-500P but not A-860. However, both resins achieved similar high overall reductions of dissolved organic carbon (~75%) suggesting, later confirmed in ultrapure water experiments, that inorganic anions (sulfate particularly) were the dominant competitors for the A-860 resin. The uncharged styrenic and acrylic beads (base materials) of the two tested resins were unable to remove PFOA, implying that the dominant removal mechanism involves charge interactions between the negatively charged PFCA and the positively charged anion exchange functional groups.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: We gratefully acknowledge the funding support for this work provided by the Ontario Research Fund ‘Center for Control of Emerging Contaminants’ project, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and the NSERC Industrial Research Chair partners. Current partners may be found at https://uwaterloo.ca/nserc-chair-water-treatment/partners.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drinking water, Ion exchange, Natural organic matter, Perfluorinated Carboxylic Acids (PFCA) removal, Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) removal, sulfate
Subjects: H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2022 11:05
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2022 14:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49290

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