COVID-19 lockdown: A Global Study Investigating the Effect of Athletes’ Sport Classification and Sex on Training Practices

Washif, Jad Adrian, Sandbakk, Øyvind, Seiler, Stephen, Haugen, Thomas, Farooq, Abdulaziz, Quarrie, Ken, van Rensburg, Dina C Janse, Krug, Isabel, Verhagen, Evert, Wong, Del P, Mujika, Iñigo, Cortis, Cristina, Haddad, Monoemad, Ahmadian, Omid, Al Jufaili, Mahmood, Al-Horani, Ramzi A, Al-Mohannadi, Abdulla Saeed, Aloui, Asma, Ammar, Achraf, Arifi, Fitim, Aziz, Abdul Rashid, Batuev, Mikhail, Beaven, Christopher Martyn, Beneke, Ralph, Bici, Arben, Bishnoi, Pallawi, Bogwasi, Lone, Bok, Daniel, Boukhris, Omar, Boullosa, Daniel, Bragazzi, Nicola, Brito, Joao, Cartagena, Roxana Paola Palacios, Chaouachi, Anis, Cheung, Stephen S, Chtourou, Hamdi, Cosma, Germina, Debevec, Tadej, DeLang, Matthew D, Dellal, Alexandre, Dönmez, Gürhan, Driss, Tarak, Peña Duque, Juan David, Eirale, Cristiano, Elloumi, Mohamed, Foster, Carl, Franchini, Emerson, Fusco, Andreao, Galy, Olivier, Gastin, Paul B, Gill, Nicholas, Girard, Olivier, Gregov, Cvita, Halson, Shona, Hammouda, Omar, Hanzlíková, Ivana, Hassanmirzaei, Bahar, Hébert-Losier, Kim, Muñoz Helú, Hussein, Herrera-Valenzuela, Tomás, Hettinga, Florentina, Holtzhausen, Louis, Hue, Olivier Hue, Dello Iacono, Antonio Dello Iacono, Ihalainen, Johanna K, James, Carl, Joseph, Saju, Kamoun, Karim, Khaled, Mehdi, Khalladi, Karim, Kim, Kwang Joon, Kok, Lian-Yee, MacMillan, Lewis, Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose, Matsunaga, Ryo, Memishi, Shpresa, Millet, Grégoire P, Moussa-Chamari, Imen, Musa, Danladi Ibrahim, Nguyễn, Hoàng Minh Thuận, Nikolaidis, Pantelis T, Owen, Adam, Padulo, Johnny, Pagaduan, Jeffrey Cabayan, Perera, Nirmala Panagodage, Pérez-Gómez, Jorge, Pillay, Lervasen, Popa, Arporn, Pudasaini, Avishkar, Rabbani, Alireza, Rahayu, Tandiyo, Romdhani, Mohamed, Salamh, Paul, Sarkar, Abu-Sufian, Schillinger, Andy, Setyawati, Heny, Shrestha, Navina, Suraya, Fatona, Tabben, Montassar, Trabelsi, Khaled, Urhausen, Axel, Valtonen, Maarit, eber, Johanna, Whiteley, Rodney, Zrane, Adel, Zerguini, Yacine, Zmijewski, Piotr, Ben Saad, Helmi, Pyne, David B., Taylor, Lee and Chamari, Karim (2022) COVID-19 lockdown: A Global Study Investigating the Effect of Athletes’ Sport Classification and Sex on Training Practices. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. pp. 1-16. ISSN 1555-0265 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2021-0543

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate differences in athletes’ knowledge, beliefs, and training practices during COVID-19 lockdowns with reference to sport classification and sex. This work extends an initial descriptive evaluation Q1 focusing on athlete classification.Methods: Athletes (12,526; 66 male; 142 countries) completed an online survey (May–July 2020) assessing knowledge, beliefs, and practices toward training. Sports were classified as Team sports (45), Endurance (20), Power/technical (10), Combat (9), Aquatic (6), Recreational (4), Racquet (3), Precision (2), Parasports (1), and Others (1). Further analysis by sex was performed. Results: During lockdown, athletes practiced bodyweight-based exercises routinely (67 females and 64 males), ranging from 50 (Precision) to 78 (Parasports). More sport-specific technical skills were performed in Combat, Parasports, and Precision (∼50) than other sports (∼35).Most athletes (range: 50 Parasports to 75%Endurance) performed cardiorespiratory training (trivial sex differences). Compared to prelockdown, perceived training intensity was reduced by 29% to 41%, depending on sport (largest decline: ∼38% in Team sports, unaffected by sex). Some athletes (range: 7%–49%) maintained their training intensity for strength, endurance, speed, plyometric, change of direction, and technical training. Athletes who previously trained ≥5 sessions per week reduced their volume (range: 18%–28%) during lockdown. The proportion of athletes (81%) training ≥60 min/ session reduced by 31% to 43% during lockdown. Males and females had comparable moderate levels of training knowledge (56% vs 58%) and beliefs/attitudes (54% vs 56%). Conclusions: Changes in athletes{\textquoteright} training practices were sport-specific, with little-to-no sex differences. Team-based sports were generally more susceptible to changes than individual sports. Policy makers should provide athletes with educational resources to facilitate remote and/or home-based training during lockdown type events.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: crowdsourced data, multinational sample, online survey, perception, remote training
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2022 14:41
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2022 15:02
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49412

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