The role of participatory scenarios in ecological restoration: a systematic map protocol

Moore, Eleanor, Howson, Peter, Grainger, Matthew, Teh, Yit Arn and Pfeifer, Marion (2022) The role of participatory scenarios in ecological restoration: a systematic map protocol. Environmental Evidence, 11 (1). p. 23. ISSN 2047-2382

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The scale of land degradation worldwide has led the UN to declare the Decade of Ecosystem Restoration and movements such as the Bonn Challenge (, have placed ecological restoration on the global policy agenda. Achieving such ambitious policy targets and restoration goals will necessitate complex trade-offs against limited time, competing knowledge, costs, resources, and varying societal preferences among different stakeholders.

Participatory scenarios are a tool to navigate uncertainties surrounding future trajectories and simultaneously incorporate different stakeholder perspectives. They can provide a path to identify collaborative solutions best suited for the local cultures and societies they are tied to. However, there is no systematic understanding of how participatory scenarios are being used in ecological restoration planning to navigate trade-offs in restoration outcomes. We will fill this research gap by mapping the existing evidence from participatory restoration scenarios to answer the primary research question ‘How are outcomes explored in participatory ecological restoration scenarios?’. This will be done through five sub-questions focussing on characteristics of the evidence base, types of study design, how outcomes and trade-offs in those are explored, and an examination of the role of participants in the scenario process and outcome determination.

This protocol outlines the methods for a systematic map to identify studies that have used participatory scenarios in restoration planning. A comprehensive and reproducible search strategy will be undertaken across bibliographic databases, web-based engines, and targeted searches in organisational online libraries. Searches will be done online in English, but results in all languages will be screened. Search results will go through a two-step screening process of against pre-determined criteria of inclusion and exclusion, for title and abstract and then full-text. Data will be extracted from eligible studies using a standardised data extraction spreadsheet where details on study characteristics, design and outcomes will be recorded. A searchable database of studies and mapping outcomes will be available upon completion of the work. The aim is to inform how scenarios can be better used as a decision-making tool to increase stakeholder participation and account for trade-offs in restoration outcomes across social, ecological, and economic dimensions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: EM is supported by the ONEplanet DTP Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC) program (NE/S007512/1). MG is funded by Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA). MP is funded through BBSRC Global Challenges Research Fund (Project Number: BB/S014586/1). PH is funded by the British Academy.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alternative futures, Co-production, Evidence synthesis, Place-based research, Socioecological systems, Stakeholder engagement, Trade-offs
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2022 14:39
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2022 14:45

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