Cognitive Functioning in non-clinical Burnout: Using cognitive tasks to disentangle the relationship in a three-wave longitudinal study

Koutsimani, Panagiota and Montgomery, Anthony (2022) Cognitive Functioning in non-clinical Burnout: Using cognitive tasks to disentangle the relationship in a three-wave longitudinal study. Frontiers in Psychiatry. ISSN 1664-0640 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.978566

Abstract

Burnout is often characterized by cognitive deficits and it has been associated with depression and anxiety. However, it is not clear whether cognitive impairment is a burnout consequence or employees with poor cognitive skills are more prone in developing burnout. Moreover, the exact nature of the association between burnout and depression, and burnout and anxiety is still unknown. Depression and anxiety are also related to cognitive impairments but their prospective associations are not fully understood. The aim of the present three-wave longitudinal study was to investigate the causality between cognitive functioning, burnout, depression and anxiety among non-clinical burnout employees. The cause-effect associations of burnout with depression and anxiety were also explored. Perceived family support as a protective factor against cognitive decline, burnout, depression and anxiety was examined as well. A wide range of cognitive tasks tapping different cognitive domains were administered to employees of the general working population. Burnout, depression, anxiety and perceived family support were assessed with self-reported questionnaires. Present results suggest that visuospatial functioning deficits are a burnout consequence and they indicate the role of automatic processing skills and executive functions in burnout onset. Additionally, these findings support that burnout is differentiated from depression and anxiety but it is reciprocally associated with the two psychological phenomena. Lastly, current results support the inclusion of perceived family support as an intervention to help individuals who suffer from mental health and cognitive difficulties.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This research is co-financed by Greece and the European Union (European Social Fund- ESF) through the Operational Programme «Human Resources Development, Education and Lifelong Learning» in the context of the project “Strengthening Human Resources Research Potential via Doctorate Research” (MIS-5000432), implemented by the State Scholarships Foundation (ΙΚΥ).
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognitive functioning, cognitive impairment, Depression, Anxiety, Perceived family support, longitudinal study, burnout
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2022 08:33
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2022 08:01
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49670

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