A human model of bilateral pulmonary vein sampling to assess the effects of one-lung ventilation on neutrophil function

Chen, Robert Jeenchen, Funston, Wendy, Ruchaud-Sparagano, Marie-Hélène, Scott, Jonathan, Powell, Jason, Cooles, Faye A. H., Shelmerdine, Lauren, McDowell, Cliona, O’Leary, Denis, Booth, Karen L., Clark, Stephen, Ledingham, Simon J., Rostron, Anthony J., Dark, John H. and Simpson, A. John (2022) A human model of bilateral pulmonary vein sampling to assess the effects of one-lung ventilation on neutrophil function. PLoS ONE, 17 (7). e0271958. ISSN 1932-6203

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0271958


Background: Neutrophil activation drives lung complications after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Evidence suggests the healthy, ventilated lung may beneficially re-condition pro-inflammatory neutrophils. However, evidence in humans is lacking, due to a paucity of good models. CPB with simultaneous central venous and bilateral pulmonary vein sampling provides an opportunity to model effects of one-lung ventilation. The study’s primary objectives were to establish a model of intra-operative, bilateral pulmonary vein sampling and to determine whether neutrophil function differed after passing through inflated or deflated lungs.
Methods: Seventeen patients having “on pump” coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with one-lung ventilation (in two cohorts with tidal volume 2ml kg-1 and FiO2 0.21, or tidal volume 4 ml kg-1 and FiO2 0.5 respectively) were recruited. Cohort 1 consisted of 9 patients (7 male, median age 62.0 years) and Cohort 2 consisted of 8 male patients (median age 65.5 years). Recruitment was via prospective screening of scheduled elective and non-elective CABG procedures with cardiopulmonary bypass. Each patient had five blood samples taken—central venous blood pre-operatively; central venous blood pre-CPB; central venous blood post-CPB; pulmonary venous blood draining the ventilated lung post-CPB; and pulmonary venous blood draining the deflated lung post-CPB. Neutrophil phagocytosis and priming status were quantified. Plasma cytokines were measured.
Results: Phagocytosis and priming were not significantly different in neutrophils returning from the ventilated lung as compared to the non-ventilated lung. Plasma IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 were significantly elevated by CPB.
Conclusions: The intra-operative, bilateral pulmonary vein sampling model provides unique opportunities to assess biological effects of interventions to one lung, with the other lung acting as an internal control. Single-lung ventilation during CPB had no significant effects on neutrophil function.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This work was supported by a grant from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Newcastle Biomedical Research Centre awarded to AJS, reference number BH142282 / PD0131.
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2022 12:48
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2022 13:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49682

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