A systems engineering approach to validation of a pulmonary physiology simulator for clinical applications

Das, Anup, Gao, Zhiwei, Menon, Prathyush, Hardman, Jonathan and Bates, Declan (2011) A systems engineering approach to validation of a pulmonary physiology simulator for clinical applications. Journal of the Royal Society interface, 8 (54). pp. 44-55. ISSN 1742-5662

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2010.0224


Physiological simulators which are intended for use in clinical environments face harsh expectations from medical practitioners; they must cope with significant levels of uncertainty arising from non-measurable parameters, population heterogeneity and disease heterogeneity, and their validation must provide watertight proof of their applicability and reliability in the clinical arena. This paper describes a systems engineering framework for the validation of an in silico simulation model of pulmonary physiology. We combine explicit modelling of uncertainty/ variability with advanced global optimization methods to demonstrate that the model predictions never deviate from physiologically plausible values for realistic levels of parametric uncertainty. The simulation model considered here has been designed to represent a dynamic in vivo cardiopulmonary state iterating through a mass-conserving set of equations based on established physiological principles and has been developed for a direct clinical application in an intensive-care environment. The approach to uncertainty modelling is adapted from the current best practice in the field of systems and control engineering, and a range of advanced optimization methods are employed to check the robustness of the model, including sequential quadratic programming, mesh-adaptive direct search and genetic algorithms. An overview of these methods and a comparison of their reliability and computational efficiency in comparison to statistical approaches such as Monte Carlo simulation are provided. The results of our study indicate that the simulator provides robust predictions of arterial gas pressures for all realistic ranges of model parameters, and also demonstrate the general applicability of the proposed approach to model validation for physiological simulation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: physiological simulation, systems engineering, model validation
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: EPrint Services
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2011 08:30
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 08:40
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/855

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics