Neurocognitive effects of guaraná plant extract

Scholey, Andrew and Haskell, Crystal (2008) Neurocognitive effects of guaraná plant extract. Drugs of the Future, 33 (10). p. 869. ISSN 0377-8282

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Understanding the behavioral effects of herbal extracts presents a number of challenges to behavioral pharmacology. This review briefly summarizes these issues using guaraná (Paullinia cupana) as an example to illustrate certain key elements of this field. Guaraná has a long history of use as a stimulant in South America. Its purported stimulant effects have often been attributed to the presence of caffeine. However, guaraná's behavioral profile can be differentiated from that of caffeine. Recent evidence in humans and rodents suggests that other components of the plant (for example flavonoids) may contribute to its modulation of cognitive performance. This research is still in its infancy and further work is necessary in order to delineate whether guaraná has robust and replicable behavioral effects in humans. The contribution of different fractions of guaraná to its neurocognitive effects is unknown. Furthermore, whether acute advantages can be translated to chronic effects in cognitively vulnerable populations remains to be elucidated.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Crystal Haskell now known as Crystal Haskell-Ramsay.
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2012 15:40
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 20:04

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