Influence of Ballistic Bench Press on Upper Body Power Output in Professional Rugby Players

West, Dan, Cunningham, Dan, Crewther, Blair, Cook, Christian and Kilduff, Liam (2013) Influence of Ballistic Bench Press on Upper Body Power Output in Professional Rugby Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27 (8). pp. 2282-2287. ISSN 1533-4287

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ABSTRACT: The use of heavy resistance exercise provides an effective preload stimulus for inducing postactivation potentiation (PAP) and increasing peak power output (PPO). However, this approach has limited application in many sporting situations (e.g. incorporation in a pre-competition warm-up) and therefore more practical strategies for inducing PAP need to be investigated.The aim of the current study was to compare PPO changes after performing a preload stimulus of either a ballistic exercise or a traditional heavy resistance exercise. Twenty professional rugby union players completed 3 testing sessions, each separated by 48 hours. On the first occasion, subjects underwent a 3RM bench press testing session. On the next two occasions, subjects performed a ballistic bench throw at baseline (30% of 1 repetition maximum), followed by a preload stimulus of either heavy bench press (HRT; 3 sets of 3 repetitions at 87% 1RM) or ballistic bench press (BBP; 3 sets of 3 repetitions at 30% on repetition maximum 1RM) followed by ballistic bench throw after 8 minutes recovery. The trials were randomised and counter-balanced. Both preload stimuli protocols increased PPO compared to baseline (BBP Baseline 892 ± 108 vs. 8 min 924 ± 119 W, P<0.001; HRT Baseline 893 ± 104 vs. 8 min 931 ± 116 W; P<0.001). There were no conditional differences between PPO at 8 minutes (P = 0.141); moreover, the change in PPO from baseline was also similar between conditions (BBP Δ+33 ± 18; HRT Δ+38 ± 21 W; P = 0.112). In conclusion, a ballistic exercise provided an effective method of inducing PAP and increasing upper-body PPO; moreover, elicited similar increases in PPO as a traditional heavy resistance exercise preloading stimulus.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online ahead of print.
Uncontrolled Keywords: postactivation potentiation, preload stimulus, high-velocity
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Dan West
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2013 16:16
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2019 16:25

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