Wavelet transform-based stress-time history editing of horizontal axis wind turbine blades

Pratumnopharat, Panu, Leung, Pak Sing and Court, Richard (2014) Wavelet transform-based stress-time history editing of horizontal axis wind turbine blades. Renewable Energy, 63. pp. 558-575. ISSN 0960-1481

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2013.10.017


Full scale blade fatigue testing is required to verify that the horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) blades posses the strength and service life specified in the design. Unfortunately, fatigue tests must be run for a long time period, which has led blade testing laboratories to seek ways of accelerating fatigue testing time and reducing the costs of tests. The objective of this article is to develop a novel method called a WT-based fatigue damage part extracting method. Based on wavelet transform (WT), this method extracts fatigue damage parts from the stress-time history and generates the edited stress-time history with shorter time length. Also, this article proposes a concept of applying accumulative power spectral density (AccPSD) to identify fatigue damage events contained in the stress-time history of HAWT blades. Wavelet functions used in this study are Morl, Meyr, Dmey, Mexh and DB30. It has been found that Mexh wavelet with an AccPSD level of 9000 Energy/Hz provides the edited stress-time history having a maximum reduction of 20.77% in length with respect to the original length, whilst fatigue damage per repetition can be retained almost the same as the original one. In addition, an existing method, time correlated fatigue damage (TCFD), is used to validate the effectiveness of a WT-based fatigue damage part extracting method. The results suggest that not only does the WT improve the accuracy of fatigue damage retained, but also it provides a shorter length of the edited stress-time history. To conclude, WT is suggested as an alternative technique in fatigue durability study, especially for the field of wind turbine engineering.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wavelet transform, Spectral density functions, Load histories, Load history reconstruction, Variable amplitude fatigue
Subjects: H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2014 09:25
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 17:01
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/15638

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