Clients' perceptions of health visiting in the context of their identified health needs : An examination of process

Pearson, Pauline (1988) Clients' perceptions of health visiting in the context of their identified health needs : An examination of process. Doctoral thesis, Newcastle-upon-Tyne Polytechnic.

Text (PhD thesis)
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This study aimed to explore the process by which members of a client group identify and interpret their health needs, and develop perceptions of health visiting services.
The study was carried out in two Phases. The first Phase used semistructured interviews and diaries to explore 41 parents' perceptions at one point in time. In Phase Two a series of three semistructured interviews were completed over a ten month period with 19 primiparous parents, commencing antenatally, and with 10 of their health visitors. Analysis was by the grounded theory method.
Eight concept areas emerged from the interview data. These were:
Health, health problems and other concerns
The need for help - locating the problem
Knowledge and experience
Advice, support and comparing notes
Choosing a helper
Relationship or problem centred
Power and control
A substantive theory is put forward which suggests that the
nature of previous knowledge and the types of problems encountered influence the choice of helper and the degree of parental control desired at each stage. At stage one health is predominantly defined as socio-emotional, in line with social norms. At stage two, practical difficulties, especially with feeding, become important. At stage three, as other aspects assume less importance, the social norm appears to reassert itself. At stage one, independence is valued, but at stage two, parents assume a more dependent role. At stage three, parents feel more confidence in themselves. 'Comparing notes' offers a reciprocal helping relationship. The value attributed to the health visitor's involvement at each stage appears to reflect how far her views diverge from' those of the parent concerned.
The recommendations identify changes of practice which will firstly improve communication between health visitors and clients, and secondly focus on the development by health visitors of appropriate knowledge and skills to meet the demands made by clients.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: Thesis digitised by the British Library e-thesis online service, EThOS.
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: University Services > Graduate School > Doctor of Philosophy
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2019 15:11
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2023 15:12

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