On quantum and relativistic mechanical analogues in mean field spin models

Barra, Adriano, Guerra, Francesco, Di Lorenzo, Andrea and Moro, Antonio (2014) On quantum and relativistic mechanical analogues in mean field spin models. Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 470 (2172). ISSN 1471-2946

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2014.0589


Conceptual analogies among statistical mechanics and classical or quantum mechanics often appeared in the literature. For classical two-body mean field models, such an analogy is based on the identification between the free energy of Curie-Weiss type magnetic models and the Hamilton-Jacobi action for a one dimensional mechanical system. Similarly, the partition function plays the role of the wave function in quantum mechanics and satisfies the heat equation that plays, in this context, the role of the Schrödinger equation. We show that this identification can be remarkably extended to include a wider family of magnetic models that are classified by normal forms of suitable real algebraic dispersion curves. In all these cases, the model turns out to be completely solvable as the free energy as well as the order parameter are obtained as solutions of an integrable nonlinear PDE of Hamilton-Jacobi
type. We observe that the mechanical analog of these models can be viewed as the relativistic analog of the Curie-Weiss model and this helps to clarify the connection between generalized self-averaging in statistical thermodynamics and the semiclassical dynamics of viscous conservation laws.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mean-field spin models; phase transitions and critical phenomena; nonlinear PDE theory
Subjects: F300 Physics
G100 Mathematics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Antonio Moro
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2014 09:34
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2023 15:33
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/18370

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