Hard, soft or lean? Planning on medium size construction projects

Greenwood, David and Johansen, Eric (1999) Hard, soft or lean? Planning on medium size construction projects. In: Proceedings of 15th Annual ARCOM Conference. Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM), Reading, pp. 385-394. ISBN 0953416127

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Johansen, E, Greenwood, D. (1999) Hard, Soft or Lean_ Planning on Medium Size Construction Projects.pdf

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In a paper presented to the 11th Annual ARCOM Conference, Johansen examined the way that managers and planners in medium sized construction projects plan in a flexible manner. This was termed "soft planning" and contrasted with the textbook approach which was termed "hard" planning. The fundamental components of hard planning are firm dates and critical activities. The reality was found to be quite different from the textbook approach. (Johansen, 1996a) The conclusion then, was that methods of soft planning methodologies should be developed to support what was actually happening. Here this conclusion is revised in the light of lean production concepts. After defining these concepts, the authors consider how they can affect the development of planning theories in construction; in particular, how concepts such as “shielding”, “lookahead planning” and “last planner” can allow managers to overcome the barriers to hard planning.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Presented at the 15th annual ARCOM conference, held at Liverpool John Moores University,UK from 15-17 September 1999.
Uncontrolled Keywords: lean construction, last planner, look-ahead planning
Subjects: K200 Building
K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
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Depositing User: EPrint Services
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2011 15:34
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2023 11:50
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/2082

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