`Remedial Work': Men's strategic responses to their violence against intimate female partners

Cavanagh, Kate, Dobash, R. Emerson, Dobash, Russell and Lewis, Ruth (2001) `Remedial Work': Men's strategic responses to their violence against intimate female partners. Sociology, 35 (3). pp. 695-714. ISSN 0038-0385

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/S0038038501000359


Based on interviews with 122 men who had used violence against their partner, and employing Goffman's (1971) concept of `remedial work', this paper interrogates violent men's perceptions, constructions and understandings of domestic violence and their responses to its use. Accounts of women partners are also examined. `Remedial work' involves the perpetrator of an act of untoward behaviour in various forms of `damage limitation' intended to change the meaning of the offensive act into one that is deemed acceptable. Goffman's three related devices of remedial work - `accounts, apologies, and requests' - are used to explore men's narratives of violent events, their definitions of the event, rationales and perceptions of consequences. Revealed are the exculpatory and expiatory discourses which dominate men's narratives and which expose the purposeful yet paradoxical nature of their responses to violence, directed at mitigating and obfuscating culpability while at the same time seeking forgiveness and absolution. We suggest that through these devices men seek to impose their own definitions upon their woman partner and thereby neutralise or eradicate her experience of abuse and control the ways in which she interprets and responds to it. These findings strongly support Goffman's theoretical conception. In addition, they highlight the need for further investigation of how men's and women's accounts, definitions and responses to violence are interactionally connected through men's attempts to define the violence in exculpatory and expiatory terms and in women's resistance to such definitions and their implications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: domestic violence, feminist
Subjects: L300 Sociology
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Social Sciences
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2015 08:50
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2019 19:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/21915

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