Data mining of audiology data to find patients who might benefit from ITE hearing aids or tinnitus maskers

Anwar, Naveed and Oakes, Michael (2011) Data mining of audiology data to find patients who might benefit from ITE hearing aids or tinnitus maskers. In: British Society of Audiology (BSA) Conference, 7th - 9th September 2011, Nottingham, UK.

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We describe our work on the data mining of hearing aid
patient data to answer the following research questions:

* Which factors influence the choice of ITE (in the ear) as opposed to BTE (behind the ear) hearing aids?

* For patients diagnosed with tinnitus, which factors
influence the decision whether to fit a tinnitus masker?

Our data set is 180,000 patient records provided by the
hearing aid clinic at James Cook University Hospital,
Middlesbrough, UK. The records contain fixed vocabulary
fields such as diagnosis, audiograms and short free text
notes. The data set is unusual in that many of the
patients were prescribed ITE hearing aids, which are not
generally available on the National Health Service in the

Using PCA (principal component analysis) and the chi-squared test, we found that flat hearing loss audiograms
were associated with ITE aids and audiograms with airbone
gaps were associated with BTE aids. We also found
that males tended to use ITE aids while females tended to
use BTE aids. There was a positive association between
ITE and age below 70. Patients with severe hearing loss
tended to use BTE hearing aids while patients with a mild
to moderate hearing loss tended to use ITE hearing aids.
An analysis of the free text notes showed that ITE hearing aid types tended to use lacquer, had vents, required reshelling of ear impressions, had changes made to the hearing aid itself, were reviewed and the wearers were making progress.

There was no association found for gender and the use of
tinnitus maskers. The keywords ‘tinnitus’ and ‘masker’
were found together in the free text notes significantly
more often in patients with mild to moderate hearing
losses, and significantly less often when the patient wore a BTE hearing aid or was aged 54 or less.

We combined our full set of data attributes (audiograms,
gender, age, diagnosis and free text keywords), using
logistic regression and a Naive Bayesian approach in two
separate experiments for both of our two research questions. The resulting models can be used as the basis
of decision support systems, where the inputs are hearing
aid clinic data for new patients, and the outputs are
either the estimated probability that the patient requires an ITE aid or that he or she requires a tinnitus masker.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: The abstract of this poster has also been published in International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2012, p. 275.
Subjects: G400 Computer Science
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Naveed Anwar
Date Deposited: 27 May 2015 12:57
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2023 16:36

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