First simultaneous SST/CRISP and IRIS observations of a small-scale quiet Sun vortex

Park, Sung-Hong, Tsiropoula, Georgia, Kontogiannis, Ioannis, Tziotziou, Konstantinos, Scullion, Eamon and Doyle, John Gerard (2016) First simultaneous SST/CRISP and IRIS observations of a small-scale quiet Sun vortex. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 586 (A25). ISSN 0004-6361

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Context. Ubiquitous small-scale vortices have recently been found in the lower atmosphere of the quiet Sun in state-of-the-art solar observations and in numerical simulations.

Aims. We investigate the characteristics and temporal evolution of a granular-scale vortex and its associated upflows through the photosphere and chromosphere of a quiet Sun internetwork region.

Methods. We analyzed high spatial and temporal resolution ground- and spaced-based observations of a quiet Sun region. The observations consist of high-cadence time series of wideband and narrowband images of both Hα 6563 Å and Ca II 8542 Å lines obtained with the CRisp Imaging SpectroPolarimeter (CRISP) instrument at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope (SST), as well as ultraviolet imaging and spectral data simultaneously obtained by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS).

Results. A small-scale vortex is observed for the first time simultaneously in Hα, Ca II 8542 Å, and Mg II k lines. During the evolution of the vortex, Hα narrowband images at −0.77 Å and Ca II 8542 Å narrowband images at −0.5 Å, and their corresponding Doppler signal maps, clearly show consecutive high-speed upflow events in the vortex region. These high-speed upflows with a size of 0.5–1 Mm appear in the shape of spiral arms and exhibit two distinctive apparent motions in the plane of sky for a few minutes: (1) a swirling motion with an average speed of 13 km s-1 and (2) an expanding motion at a rate of 4–6 km s-1. Furthermore, the spectral analysis of Mg II k and Mg II subordinate lines in the vortex region indicates an upward velocity of up to ~8 km s-1 along with a higher temperature compared to the nearby quiet Sun chromosphere.

Conclusions. The consecutive small-scale vortex events can heat the upper chromosphere by driving continuous high-speed upflows through the lower atmosphere.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Reproduced by kind permission of ESO
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sun: atmosphere, Sun: chromosphere, Sun: photosphere
Subjects: F300 Physics
F500 Astronomy
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2016 11:16
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 09:17

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