Adsorption and Diffusion of Sodium on Graphene with Grain Boundaries

Sun, Xiaoli, Wang, Zhiguo and Fu, Yong Qing (2017) Adsorption and Diffusion of Sodium on Graphene with Grain Boundaries. Carbon, 116. pp. 415-421. ISSN 0008-6223

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Effects of grain boundaries (GBs) in graphene on adsorption and diffusion of sodium were investigated using first principle calculations. Results showed that the presence of GBs in graphene enhanced the adsorption of sodium, with their adsorption energies in the range of -1.32~-0.79 eV, which were lower than the value of -0.67 eV for sodium adsorbed on pristine graphene. The diffusion energy barriers were in the range of 0.09 to 0.35 eV when sodium was diffused along GBs of graphene, whereas they were decreased when sodium was gradually diffused into the GBs. Results showed that graphene with GBs had a larger energy storage capacity for sodium than the pristine one, indicating that it can be used as a good anode material for sodium ion batteries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Graphene; Grain boundaries; Adsorption and diffusion; Diffusion batteries; first principle calculations
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2017 08:39
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 09:09

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