Extreme Appraisals of Internal States in Bipolar I Disorder: A Multiple Control Group Study

Mansell, Warren, Paszek, Gemma, Seal, Karen, Pedley, Rebecca, Jones, Sarah, Thomas, Nia, Mannion, Helena, Saatsi, Sari and Dodd, Alyson (2011) Extreme Appraisals of Internal States in Bipolar I Disorder: A Multiple Control Group Study. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 35 (1). pp. 87-97. ISSN 0147-5916

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-009-9287-1


Thirty individuals with Bipolar I Disorder (16 individuals had relapsed within the last 2 years; 14 individuals had remained well over this period) were hypothesized to score higher on extreme positive and negative appraisals of internal state (HAPPI; Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory) than three control groups: remitted unipolar depression group (n = 22), and non-clinical controls with (n = 16) or without (n = 22) a history of hypomanic episodes. In partial support of the primary hypothesis, the relapsed bipolar group and the combined bipolar group scored significantly higher on the HAPPI than the unipolar group and non-clinical group when controlling for age, level of education and bipolar symptoms. It is concluded that self-reported cognitions characterize individuals with bipolar disorder, consistent with a cognitive behavioral approach to its treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognitive therapy, Information processing, Beliefs, Mania
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Alyson Dodd
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2017 15:53
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2019 16:29
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/29347

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