Factor structure of character strengths in youth: Consistency across ages and measures

McGrath, Robert and Walker, David Ian (2016) Factor structure of character strengths in youth: Consistency across ages and measures. Journal of Moral Education, 45 (4). pp. 400-418. ISSN 0305-7240

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/03057240.2016.1213709


The VIA Classification of Strengths and Virtues attempts to provide a comprehensive model of character based on 24 character strengths. The present study is the largest study to date exploring the structure of the 24 strengths in youth. One sample (N = 23,850) completed the VIA-Youth, a teen measure of the VIA Classification. Based on a random subsample, it was determined the data were best modeled using four factors. The remainder of the sample was used to demonstrate measurement invariance for the four-factor model across ages 10–17 and country. Comparison with 471 English academy school students who completed two alternate measures of the VIA Classification also demonstrated measurement invariance. The results suggest a four-factor model that includes two primarily interpersonal factors, one reflecting general engagement, the second other-directedness. Other factors involved intellectual and self-control strengths. Implications for the understanding of character strengths in youth versus adults are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescents, VIA Classification of Strengths and Virtues, factor analysis, VIA-Youth, measurement invariance
Subjects: L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 15:01
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 08:49
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/31894

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