Impact of Interstitial Ni on the Thermoelectric Properties of the Half-Heusler TiNiSn

Barczak, Sonia, Buckman, Jim, Smith, Ronald, Baker, Annabelle, Don, Eric, Forbes, Ian and Bos, Jan-Willem (2018) Impact of Interstitial Ni on the Thermoelectric Properties of the Half-Heusler TiNiSn. Materials, 11 (4). p. 536. ISSN 1996-1944

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TiNiSn is an intensively studied half-Heusler alloy that shows great potential for waste heat recovery. Here, we report on the structures and thermoelectric properties of a series of metal-rich TiNi1+ySn compositions prepared via solid-state reactions and hot pressing. A general relation between the amount of interstitial Ni and lattice parameter is determined from neutron powder diffraction. High-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction reveals the occurrence of strain broadening upon hot pressing, which is attributed to the metastable arrangement of interstitial Ni. Hall measurements confirm that interstitial Ni causes weak n-type doping and a reduction in carrier mobility, which limits the power factor to 2.5–3 mW m−1 K−2 for these samples. The thermal conductivity was modelled within the Callaway approximation and is quantitively linked to the amount of interstitial Ni, resulting in a predicted value of 12.7 W m−1 K−1 at 323 K for stoichiometric TiNiSn. Interstitial Ni leads to a reduction of the thermal band gap and moves the peak ZT = 0.4 to lower temperatures, thus offering the possibility to engineer a broad ZT plateau. This work adds further insight into the impact of small amounts of interstitial Ni on the thermal and electrical transport of TiNiSn.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: half-Heusler; TiNiSn; thermal conductivity; thermoelectric materials
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2018 11:25
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 08:07

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