A Fast GPR Numerical Model Based on Machine Learning with Application to Full Waveform Inversion

Giannakis, Iraklis, Giannopoulos, Antonios and Warren, Craig (2018) A Fast GPR Numerical Model Based on Machine Learning with Application to Full Waveform Inversion. In: 24th European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics: Near Surface Geoscience Conference & Exhibition 2018, 9-13 September 2018, Porto.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609.201802546


Forward modelling of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is often used to facilitate interpretation of complex GPR data and as a key ingredient of full waveform inversion (FWI) processes. As general 3D full-wave electromagnetic solvers are computationally very demanding routine application of advanced GPR modelling is not popular. A novel concept for creating a fast GPR forward model based on machine learning (ML) concepts is presented. This ML-based model is trained using a dataset obtained from a realistic 3D Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) gprMax model. The fast model is trained for a specific GPR application that can be easily parametrised and have a somewhat constrained variability. However, the training uses GPR A-Scans obtained from very realistic forward models that include all complex scattering effects and antenna coupling mechanisms. To demonstrate the efficiency of the approach an application, using real GPR data, of the fast forward solver within a FWI process, using a global optimiser requiring a great number of forward model calculations, is presented producing very promising results.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: G400 Computer Science
H900 Others in Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2018 12:21
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 18:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/36812

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