The impact of dwelling-street Interfaces on the morphology of domestic floor plans

Wir-Konas, Agnieszka and Seo, Kyung Wook (2018) The impact of dwelling-street Interfaces on the morphology of domestic floor plans. In: 25th ISUF International Conference: Urban Form and Social Context: from traditions to newest demands. Siberian Federal University. ISBN 978-5-7638-3952-4

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A house requires access to a more complex street network to provide inhabitants with functions not obtainable inside their own dwelling. Spatially, this requirement manifests itself in a geometric adjacency between a house and a street – referred to in this paper as a dwelling-street interface (Palaiologou et al, 2016). The functional one to one interface between a house and a street network does not exclude, however, the possibility of more adjacency-based connections. In this paper, we explore the impact that the number of interfaces has on the morphology of domestic floor plans in Gosforth, a district of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. An empirical analysis was conducted based on a sample of 1128 floor plans distributed between three major British housing typologies – terraced, semi-detached and detached houses. The topological structure of floor plans with a single dwelling-street interface is compared to those with multiple interfaces using space syntax measures. We observed two approaches in the morphology of houses with more than one interface. Either configuration of the floor plan was adjusted to accommodate the additional interface or, as in 63% of cases, the floor plan followed the morphology common to the housing type without addressing additional interfaces. However, the majority of houses that did not accommodate additional interface(s) in their floor plan had to introduce further measures to mitigate the impact of multiple interfaces, such as erecting a high boundary to separate the house from the additional street. We found that some of the measures introduced while improving the condition of the plot had a negative impact on the street Our conclusions suggest that the number of interfaces between two urban domains has an impact on either their morphology or state. Not addressing the interface is more likely to deteriorate the condition of one or both spaces.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2019 11:33
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 14:02

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