Natural resources and intifada: oil, phosphates and resistance to colonialism in Western Sahara

Allan, Joanna (2016) Natural resources and intifada: oil, phosphates and resistance to colonialism in Western Sahara. The Journal of North African Studies, 21 (4). pp. 645-666. ISSN 1362-9387

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Rich in resources and small in population, Western Sahara, partially occupied since 1975 by neighbouring Morocco, has a history shaped to a large extent by its natural wealth. Indeed, sovereignty over the country’s phosphates became a key claim of the pro-independence, anti-Spanish Saharawi movement in the early 1970s. Yet I argue in this paper that, since the beginning of the Moroccan colonial period, it is only recently that sovereignty over these resources has re-emerged as a prominent demand of the Saharawi resistance activists. My paper charts the long history of mostly non-violent resistance in the Occupied Territories, the focus of which, since the Moroccan occupation, has traditionally been on human rights and independence. Drawing on theories of hegemony and everyday resistance, my paper explores what has prompted the recent turn towards natural resources as a demand of Saharawi pro-independence activists and asks what the wider implications of these new resistance claims are.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Western Sahara, natural resources, resistance, colonialism, oil
Subjects: L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Social Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2019 11:53
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 12:18

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