Na2Fe(SO4)2: an Anhydrous 3.6 V, Low Cost and Good Safety Cathode for Rechargeable Sodium-Ion Battery

Pan, Wenli, Guan, Wenhao, Liu, Shuangyu, Xu, Bin, Chu, Liang, Pan, Hongge, Yan, Mi and Jiang, Yinzhu (2019) Na2Fe(SO4)2: an Anhydrous 3.6 V, Low Cost and Good Safety Cathode for Rechargeable Sodium-Ion Battery. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 7 (21). pp. 13197-13204. ISSN 2050-7488

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Iron-based sulfate cathode materials are promising for rechargeable batteries due to their elevated operating voltages and earth-abundant elemental composition. However, the inherent unstable SO42- units in those sulfate materials result in their low-temperature decomposition (<450 °C) and lead to SO2 gas evolution, which would hinder sulfate electrodes from outputting high voltage in safety. Herein, a new alluaudite-type sulfate cathode Na2Fe(SO4)2 for sodium ion battery is reported, which displays a high operating voltage at ~3.6 V based on Fe2+/Fe3+ redox couple as well as superior thermal stability (~580 °C). In both air and inert ambient, its SO42-units demonstrates high thermal stability, assuring good safety for battery application. Furthermore, the Na2Fe(SO4)2 cathode material shows superior stability toward moisture for ease handling. The cathode exhibits a reversible capacity of 82 mAh g-1 at 0.1 C under nonoptimal carbon coating and maintains over 60% capacity retention at 2 C. The excellent sodium storage ability tested at 0 °C and 55 °C further demonstrates the advantages of Na2Fe(SO4)2 for future energy storage applications in a wide temperature range. The present exploration on Na2Fe(SO4)2 for sodium ion battery can pave the way for developing low cost sulfate cathodes combining high voltage and good safety.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2019 15:26
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2023 15:15

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