Exploring Individual Differences and Building Complexity in Wayfinding: The Case of the Seattle Central Library

Kuliga, Saskia, Nelligan, Benjamin, Dalton, Ruth, Marchette, Steven, Shelton, Amy, Carlson, Laura and Hölscher, Christoph (2019) Exploring Individual Differences and Building Complexity in Wayfinding: The Case of the Seattle Central Library. Environment and Behavior, 51 (5). pp. 622-665. ISSN 0013-9165

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916519836149


This article focuses on the interactions between individual differences and building characteristics that may occur during multilevel wayfinding. Using the Seattle Central Library as our test case, we defined a series of within-floor and between-floor wayfinding tasks based on different building analyses of this uniquely designed structure. Tracking our 59 participants while they completed assigned tasks on-site, we examined their wayfinding performance across tasks and in relation to a variety of individual differences measures and wayfinding strategies. Both individual differences and spatial configuration, as well as the organization of the physical space, were related to the wayfinding challenges inherent to this library. We also found wayfinding differences based on other, nonspatial features, such as semantic expectations about destinations. Together, these results indicate that researchers and building planners must consider the interactions among building, human, and task characteristics in a more nuanced fashion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: wayfinding, space syntax, spatial behavior, individual differences, building complexity
Subjects: K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 02 May 2019 13:51
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 11:33
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/39152

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