Assessing Incitement to Hatred as a Crime Against Humanity of Persecution

Badar, Mohamed and Florijančič, Polona (2020) Assessing Incitement to Hatred as a Crime Against Humanity of Persecution. The International Journal of Human Rights, 24 (5). pp. 656-687. ISSN 1364-2987

Badar, Florijančič - Assessing Hate Speech as a Crime Against Humanity of Persecution AAM.pdf - Accepted Version

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The main issue this research paper aims to tackle is whether incitement to hatred, independently of direct incitement to violence should amount to the actus reus of persecution as a crime against humanity. Before determining whether hate speech can be treated as an international crime, this article assesses theories and current international legal standards in the field of freedom of expression in order to identify the space for such a drastic intrusion into this freedom. The most significant justification for an international criminalisation of hate speech in certain contexts is that it enables large-scale discrimination and threatens basic human rights, including the right to life, of the targeted out-group. Current international criminalisation, as interpreted by the jurisprudence of the Yugoslavia and Rwanda tribunals, still shows an overly narrow approach, excluding much of the hate propaganda that plays a vital role in the enabling of mass crimes. This article concludes that systematic incitement to hatred should be treated as a form of persecution, regardless of a call to violence, when the inciter has knowledge of the fact that his words might contribute to the commission of grave crimes or large-scale discrimination against the targeted out-group and the denial of human rights of its members.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Freedom of Expression, Hate Speech, Incitement to Hatred, Crimes Against Humanity of Persecution
Subjects: M200 Law by Topic
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Northumbria Law School
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2019 09:11
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 15:33

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