Broadening of the differential emission measure by multi-shelled and turbulent loops

Van Doorsselaere, Tom, Antolin, Patrick and Karampelas, Kostas (2018) Broadening of the differential emission measure by multi-shelled and turbulent loops. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 620. A65. ISSN 0004-6361

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Context. Broad differential emission measure (DEM) distributions in the corona are a sign of multi-thermal plasma along the line-of-sight. Traditionally, this is interpreted as evidence of multi-stranded loops. Recently, however, it has been shown that multi-stranded loops are unlikely to exist in the solar corona, because of their instability to transverse perturbations.

Aims. We aim to test if loop models subject to the Transverse Wave-Induced Kelvin-Helmholtz (TWIKH) instability result in broad DEMs, potentially explaining the observations. We took simulation snapshots and compute the numerical DEM. Moreover, we performed forward-modelling in the relevant AIA channels before reconstructing the DEM.

Results. We find that turbulent loop models broaden their initial DEM, because of the turbulent mixing. The width of the DEM is determined by the initial temperature contrast with the exterior.

Conclusions. We conclude that impulsively excited loop models have a rather narrow DEM, but that continuously driven models result in broad DEMs that are comparable to the observations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magnetohydrodynamics, Sun: corona, Sun: oscillations, Turbulence, Instabilities
Subjects: F500 Astronomy
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2019 12:26
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 00:16

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