Obstructive sleep apnea does not impair cardiorespiratory responses to progressive exercise performed until exhaustion in hypertensive elderly

Barbosa, Bruno Teixeira, da Cruz Santos, Amilton, Frazão, Murillo, Petrucci, Tulio Rocha, Cucato, Gabriel, Sarmento, Adriana Oliveira, Freitas, Eduardo D. S., de Lima, Anna Myrna Jaguaribe and Brasileiro-Santos, Maria do Socorro (2018) Obstructive sleep apnea does not impair cardiorespiratory responses to progressive exercise performed until exhaustion in hypertensive elderly. Sleep and Breathing, 22 (2). pp. 431-437. ISSN 1520-9512

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-017-1557-7


BACKGROUND: Elderly people have a high prevalence to systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Both comorbidities are closely associated and inflict damage on cardiorespiratory capacity.

METHODS: In order to assess cardiorespiratory responses to the cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) among hypertensive elderly with OSA, we enrolled 28 subjects into two different groups: without OSA (No-OSA: apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) < 5 events/h; n = 15) and with OSA (OSA: AHI ≥ 15 events/h; n = 13). All subjects underwent CPET and polysomnographic assessments. After normality and homogeneity evaluations, independent t test and Pearson's correlation were performed. The significance level employed was p ≤ 0.05.

RESULTS: Hypertensive elderly with OSA presented lower heart rate recovery (HRR) in the second minute (HRR2) in relation to the No-OSA group. A negative correlation between AHI and ventilation (VE) (r = -0.63, p = 0.02) was found in polysomnography and CPET data comparisons, and oxygen saturation (O2S) levels significantly correlated with VE/VCO2slope (r = 0.66, p = 0.01); in addition, OSA group presented a positive correlation between oxygen consumption and O2S (r = 0.60, p = 0.02), unlike the no-OSA group.

CONCLUSIONS: OSA does not affect the CPET variables in hypertensive elderly, but it attenuates the HRR2. The association between O2S during sleep with ventilatory responses probably occurs due to the adaptations in the oxygen transport system unleashed via mechanical respiratory feedback; thus, it has been identified that OSA compromises the oxygen supply in hypertensive elderly.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, Aged, Hypertension, Oxygen consumption, Exercise
Subjects: A900 Others in Medicine and Dentistry
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2019 16:03
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2019 16:03
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41573

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