Exercise Induces Peripheral Muscle But Not Cardiac Adaptations After Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial

Moore, Sarah A., Jakovljevic, Djordje G., Ford, Gary A., Rochester, Lynn and Trenell, Michael I. (2016) Exercise Induces Peripheral Muscle But Not Cardiac Adaptations After Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 97 (4). pp. 596-603. ISSN 0003-9993

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2015.12.018


To explore the physiological factors affecting exercise-induced changes in peak oxygen consumption and function poststroke.

Single-center, single-blind, randomized controlled pilot trial.

Community stroke services.

Adults (N=40; age>50y; independent with/without stick) with stroke (diagnosed >6mo previously) were recruited from 117 eligible participants. Twenty participants were randomized to the intervention group and 20 to the control group. No dropouts or adverse events were reported.

Intervention group: 19-week (3times/wk) progressive mixed (aerobic/strength/balance/flexibility) community group exercise program. Control group: Matched duration home stretching program.

Main Outcome Measures
(1) Pre- and postintervention: maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing with noninvasive (bioreactance) cardiac output measurements; and (2) functional outcome measures: 6-minute walk test; timed Up and Go test, and Berg Balance Scale.

Exercise improved peak oxygen consumption (18±5 to 21±5mL/(kg⋅min); P<.01) and peak arterial-venous oxygen difference (9.2±2.7 to 11.4±2.9mL of O2/100mL of blood; P<.01), but did not alter cardiac output (17.2±4 to 17.7±4.2L/min; P=.44) or cardiac power output (4.8±1.3 to 5.0±1.35W; P=.45). A significant relation existed between change in peak oxygen consumption and change in peak arterial-venous oxygen difference (r=.507; P<.05), but not with cardiac output. Change in peak oxygen consumption did not strongly correlate with change in function.

Exercise induced peripheral muscle, but not cardiac output, adaptations after stroke. Implications for stroke clinical care should be explored further in a broader cohort.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiac output, Exercise, Physical fitness, Rehabilitation, Stroke
Subjects: B300 Complementary Medicine
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2019 16:10
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 20:20
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41731

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