Fouling mechanisms in constant flux crossflow ultrafiltration

Kirschner, Alon Y., Cheng, Yu-Heng, Paul, Donald R., Field, Robert and Freeman, Benny D. (2019) Fouling mechanisms in constant flux crossflow ultrafiltration. Journal of Membrane Science, 574. pp. 65-75. ISSN 0376-7388

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Four fouling models due to Hermia (complete pore blocking, intermediate pore blocking, cake filtration and standard pore blocking), have long been used to describe membrane filtration and fouling in constant transmembrane pressure (ΔP) operation of membranes. A few studies apply these models to constant flux dead-end filtration systems. However, these models have not been reported for constant flux crossflow filtration, despite the frequent use of this mode of membrane operation in practical applications. We report derivation of these models for constant flux crossflow filtration. Of the four models, complete pore blocking and standard pore blocking were deemed inapplicable due to contradicting assumptions and relevance, respectively. Constant flux crossflow fouling experiments of dilute latex bead suspensions and soybean oil emulsions were conducted on commercial poly (ether sulfone) flat sheet ultrafiltration membranes to explore the models’ abilities to describe such data. A model combining intermediate pore blocking and cake filtration appeared to give the best agreement with the experimental data. Below the threshold flux, both the intermediate pore blocking model and the combined model fit the data well. As permeate flux approached and passed the threshold flux, the combined model was required for accurate fits. Based on this observation, a physical interpretation of the threshold flux is proposed: the threshold flux is the flux below which cake buildup is negligible and above which cake filtration becomes the dominant fouling mechanism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ultrafiltration,Threshold flux, Fouling Crossflow, Constant flux
Subjects: C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
H900 Others in Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2020 13:07
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 19:45

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