Effect of cinnamon (Cinnamomum Zeylanicum) supplementation on serum C-reactive protein concentrations: A meta-analysis and systematic review

Vallianou, Natalia, Tsang, Catherine, Taghizadeh, Mohsen, Davoodvandi, Amirhossein and Jafarnejad, Sadegh (2019) Effect of cinnamon (Cinnamomum Zeylanicum) supplementation on serum C-reactive protein concentrations: A meta-analysis and systematic review. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 42. pp. 271-278. ISSN 0965-2299

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2018.12.005


Objective: The effect of cinnamon (Cinnamomum Zeylanicum) on serum C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute phase protein commonly used as a marker of inflammation, is uncertain. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of cinnamon to determine the effect on levels of serum CRP, relative to controls.

Design: Studies were identified by a search of electronic databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and Scopus before August 2018. Combined and stratified analyses were used. Weighted mean differences (WMD) and its 95% confidence interval were estimated for net change in serum CRP by using random-effects model. The heterogeneity of meta-analysis was assessed by χ2 and I2 test.

Results: Six studies were identified, and data from 285 participants were included. Pooled analysis showed significant reductions in serum CRP (WMD: −0.81 mg/L, 95% CI: −1.36 to −0.26, p = 0.004), with significant heterogeneity between selected studies. Improvements in sub-group analysis were observed when baseline CRP levels were greater than 3 mg/dL, and in trials of >12 weeks duration. Doses <1500 mg/day and ≥1500 mg/day were effective in lowering serum CRP (WMD: −0.56 mg/dL, 95% CI: −1.01 to -0.10, p = 0.02 and WMD: −2.13 mg/dL, 95% CI: −4.08 to −0.19, p = 0.03), respectively, with significantly reduced heterogeneity in trials with lower doses of cinnamon <1500 mg/day (test for heterogeneity: P = 0.22 and I2 = 33%). No changes were found in controls.

Conclusion: Cinnamon supplementation improves levels of serum CRP, particularly in chronic conditions, where basal CRP levels are raised. Further well-designed studies are warranted to confirm or not the above-mentioned findings.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-inflammatory, Cinnamon, CRP, Meta-analysis, RCT
Subjects: B300 Complementary Medicine
B400 Nutrition
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2020 10:42
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 18:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42775

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