Unsteady undular bores in fully nonlinear shallow-water theory

El, Gennady, Grimshaw, R. H. J. and Smyth, N. F. (2006) Unsteady undular bores in fully nonlinear shallow-water theory. Physics of Fluids, 18 (2). 027104. ISSN 1070-6631

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2175152


We consider unsteady undular bores for a pair of coupled equations of Boussinesq-type which contain the familiar fully nonlinear dissipationless shallow-water dynamics and the leading-order fully nonlinear dispersive terms. This system contains one horizontal space dimension and time and can be systematically derived from the full Euler equations for irrotational flows with a free surface using a standard long-wave asymptotic expansion. In this context the system was first derived by Su and Gardner. It coincides with the one-dimensional flat-bottom reduction of the Green-Naghdi system and, additionally, has recently found a number of fluid dynamics applications other than the present context of shallow-water gravity waves. We then use the Whitham modulation theory for a one-phase periodic travelling wave to obtain an asymptotic analytical description of an undular bore in the Su-Gardner system for a full range of “depth” ratios across the bore. The positions of the leading and trailing edges of the undular bore and the amplitude of the leading solitary wave of the bore are found as functions of this “depth ratio.” The formation of a partial undular bore with a rapidly varying finite-amplitude trailing wavefront is predicted for “depth ratios” across the bore exceeding 1.43. The analytical results from the modulation theory are shown to be in excellent agreement with full numerical solutions for the development of an undular bore in the Su-Gardner system.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2020 09:57
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 18:31
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42796

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